As health systems are highly context-specific, there is no single set of best practices that can be put forward as a model for improved performance. But health systems that function well have certain shared characteristics. They have procurement and distribution systems that deliver interventions to those in need. They are staffed with sufficient health workers having the right skills and motivation. And they operate with financing systems that are sustainable, inclusive, and fair. The costs of health care should not force impoverished households even deeper into poverty (WHO, 2007).
In recent years the issue of health systems strengthening (HSS) has emerged on the agendas of many organizations concerned with global health. Worl Health Organization (WHO) states that “A well-functioning health system working in harmony is built on having trained and motivated health workers, a well-maintained infrastructure, and a reliable supply of medicines and technologies backed by adequate funding, strong health plans, and evidence-based policies. At the same time, because of the interconnectedness of our globalized world, health systems need to have the capacity to control and address global public health threats such as epidemic diseases and other severe events”.
The COVID-19 pandemic has shown how vulnerabilities in health systems can have profound implications for health, economic progress, trust in governments, and social cohesion. Containing and mitigating the spread and infection rate of the virus continue to be essential. But so is strengthening the capacity of health systems to respond swiftly and effectively (https://www.oecd.org/).
Therefore, the discussion on strengthening the current health system cannot be separated from the topic of global health. This is what underlies the Department of Health Administration and Policy, Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga University, participate in disseminating understanding about the importance of strengthening this health system at this time, in the midst of a pandemic that is still not over. How the impact of the pandemic on the health system should be well explored. Strengthening primary health services is essential to control the pandemic so it doesn’t get worse. The referral system must be reorganized, and health financing must also be strengthened to be able to meet the increasing need for health services. Policies must be developed based on evidence to provide the highest benefit value to the community.
The health system course held by the Department of Health Administration and Policy is intended to be able to answer some of the challenges above. Presenting speakers from various countries, it is hoped that the workshop participants will get a comprehensive insight, from various perspectives.
The objectives of this short course are to increase participants’ understanding of the health system, various components of the health system, and global health, especially its relation to the latest development needs due to the pandemic era.
The target audience for this course is:
1. Public Health students and alumni of public health faculty
2. Public Health practitioners in primary care, health office, and hospital
3. Public health lecturers and researchers
4. Public health interest group
International Speakers (English class)
- Dr Tharani (University of Malaya) Malaysia
a. Introduction to concepts in global health.
b. Global Health Governance & Global Health Law.
- Dr Dian Kusuma, ScD., MPH (Imperial College London) United Kingdom
Strengthening primary care to build health system resilience in dealing with global health problems.
- Prof. Dr Maznah Dahlui (University of Malaya) Malaysia
a. Bridging research to policy and use of research to enhance health system in facing global health.
b. Excellent and responsive health financing.
- Dr Marcelo Alfredo Villalón Calderón (Instituto de Salud Poblacional)
“Evidence-based policy-making” and “social engineering in policy translation or science communication during the pandemic”.
- Dr Farizah Binti Mohd Hairi (University of Malaya) Malaysia
a. Health system and behaviour change.
b. Optimizing health system change through research.
- Dr Khadizah Haji Abdul Mumin (Universiti Brunei Darussalam) Brunei Darussalam
Maternal and child health services in the new normal: an effort to strengthen the health system towards achieving the SDGs.
Indonesia’s perspectives (Bahasa Indonesia Class)
- Nuzulul KP, S.KM., M.Kes (Universitas Airlangga) Indonesia
Universal health coverage in times of crisis.
- Dr Ernawaty (Universitas Airlangga) Indonesia
Puskesmas as a catalyst for community building and health in Indonesia (a lesson learned from the Covid 19 pandemic in Indonesia).
- Prof. Dr Nyoman (Universitas Airlangga) Indonesia
Challenges and emerging needs of the global health management workforce.
- Dr Ratna Dwi Wulandari, S.KM., M.Kes
The importance of change management in times of crisis.