Copyright and Disclaimer


The content in this website is the copyright of the Department of Social and Preventive Medicine (SPM) and the University of Malaya (UM) and any other copyright as stated in the website. User/visitor can use the information in this website under a Creative Commons Attribution License, which allows others to freely access, use, and share the work, with an acknowledgement of the work’s authorship and this website.

All the pictures/images posted on this website is the copyright of SPM which may not be used without prior written authorisation from SPM.



The University of Malaya (UM) and the Department of Social and Preventive Medicine (SPM) has used reasonable endeavours to ensure that the information and materials posted on this Website are correct at the time of posting. However, UM and SPM gives no warranty and accepts no responsibility or liability for the accuracy or the completeness of the information and materials provided here. No reliance should be made by any user on the information or material so posted; instead, the user should independently verify the accuracy and completeness of the information and/or materials with the originating or authorising institution. To the best of our knowledge materials posted on this website are either generated internally or obtain from public domains. All materials obtained from public domain included the link to the original website. The webmaster will remove any copyright material(s) after notification from the copyright ownner.

The user acknowledges and agrees that the UM and SPM shall not be held responsible or liable in any way for any and/or all consequences, including but not limited to damages for loss of profits, business interruption, or mis-information, that may arise, directly or indirectly as aresult of using, or the inability to use, any materials or contents on this Website, even if the UM or SPM has been advised of the possibility of such damages in advance; and no right of action will arise as a result of personal injury or property damage, howsoever arising or sustained as a result of reference to, or reliance upon, any information contained in, or omitted from, this Website, whether through neglect or otherwise.

UM and SPM reserves the right at any time, from time to time, to make changes to the whole or any part of these terms and/or the services offered on this Website as it deems appropriate.

This Website may contain links to other websites or resources operated by parties other than UM or SPM. Such links are provided as a service for the convenience of the users of this Website. As UM and SPM have no control over such sites and resources, the user acknowledges and agrees that UM or SPM is not responsible nor liable for any content or material on or available from such sites or resources. In providing such links, UM and SPM do not in any way, expressly or implicitly, endorse the linked sites or resources or the respective contents thereof. The user further acknowledges and agrees that UM and SPM shall not be responsible or liable, whether directly or indirectly, for any damage or loss caused or sustained by or alleged to be caused or sustained by the user, in connection with the use or reliance on any information or material available on such linked sites or resources.